• It's a 12 digit unique number issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) to the residents after completing the verification process of an individual.
  • Irrespective of age and gender, whosoever is willing to get a uniform identification throughout the country, can apply for it.
  • An individual can enroll only once to keep the uniqueness of the Aadhaar card

    There are two ways through which uniqueness is achieved.

    • Demographic Information:Name, DOB, Gender, Address, Email ID, contact number, etc.
    • Biometric Information:Fingerprints, Two Iris Scans, and Facial Photograph.
  • Aadhaar card eliminates the use of duplicate & fake identities and it is used as a primary identifier.
  • Aadhaar card has the potential to change the service delivery system in India. For Example, It would make the government social welfare schemes for the poor, more transparent and it will also reduce the burden on them because of a decline in duplicity of identity.

Features of Aadhaar Card

  • Uniqueness: It is unique in itself for every individual since it is based on the demographic & biometric authentication.
  • Portability: It provides and individual with the facility of nationwide portability since it can be authenticated online. 
  • Scalable Technology Architecture: A centralized data storage mechanism is provided & authentication can be done online from anywhere in the country.
  • Unique Number: It is a random number based on the demographic along with the biometric attributes of an individual. It does not even record the caste, religion, income, etc. of an individual
  • Offline Verification: The process of Offline verification will be such as specified by the UIDAI by regulations.
  • Penalties: UIDAI may initiate penalties against an entity for failure to (i) comply with the rules/regulations in the act or UIDAI directions (ii) furnish information required. Penalties can range up to one crore.

Benefits of Aadhaar Card

For Government: A lot of social welfare schemes are in place focused on the socially backward classes/vulnerable sections to uplift them. By using Aadhaar card as a medium to identify these people will certainly improve the service delivery system & it will also reduce the burden on the exchequer.

For Individuals: Provides a single source of identity verification throughout the country in offline/online mode. Once an individual has an aadhaar card, they can use it to verify their identity multiple times

Eligibility For Aadhaar Card

  • Resident of India
  • Children below 5 years – Baal aadhaar card
  • NRI/Foreigners staying for more than 12 years in India

Documents Required For Aadhaar Card Enrolment

Address Proof

  • Passport
  • Bank Statement/ Passbook
  • Post Office Account Statement/ Passbook
  • Ration Card
  • Voter ID
  • Driving License
  • Government Photo ID cards/ service photo identity card issued by PSU
  • Electricity Bill (not older than 3 months)
  • Water Bill (not older than 3 months)
  • Telephone Landline Bill (not older than 3 months)
  • Property Tax Receipt (not older than 1 year)
  • Credit Card Statement (not older than 3 months)
  • Insurance Policy

Enrolment Process For Aadhaar Card

  • Free of cost enrolment.
  • Aadhaar Card Enrolment Centre: visit your nearest authorized Aadhaar enrolment center with your identity & address proof.
  • Documents required for the address & identity proof are mentioned above
  • In case you do not have any of the above-mentioned photo ID proof then a certificate of Photo Identity issued by a gazetted officer will be acceptable as POI/POA.
  • Even if anyone does not have a valid document, he/she can still enrol if his/her name exists in the family entitlement document.
  • Even if there are no documents available for the same, then the resident may take the help of introducers available at the aadhaar card enrolment centre.